The United Nations Compensation Commission (UNCC) is located in Villa La Pelouse within United Nations Office in Geneva, Switzerland. It was created in 1991 as a subsidiary organ of the United Nations Security Council under Security Council resolution 687 (1991) to process claims and pay compensation for losses and damage suffered as a direct result of Iraq’s unlawful invasion and occupation of Kuwait in 1990-91.
About 2.7 million claims, with an asserted value of $352.5 billion, were filed with the Commission. The Commission concluded claims-processing in 2005, and the total compensation awarded was $52.4 billion to approximately 1.5 million successful claimants. Nineteen Panels of Commissioners reviewed and evaluated the claims submitted by governments, international organisations, companies and individuals. The panels reported their recommendations to the Governing Council for approval.
As of 24 July 2014, the Commission had paid out about $46.7 billion in compensation awards to successful claimants. There remains only one claim that has not been paid in full, with a balance of about $5.7 billion outstanding. This claim was for production and sales losses as a result of damages to Kuwait’s oil-field assets and represents the largest award by the Commission’s Governing Council.